Joshua Uzoigwe (July 1, 1946 – October 2005) was a Nigerian composer and ethnomusicologist.
He was born in Umuahia, Abia State (formerly Imo State), Nigeria. A member of the Igbo ethnic group, many of his works draw on the traditional music of that people.
He had his early musical training at the King’s College, Lagos, and the International School, Ibadan. He received advanced training at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (1970-1973), Guildhall School of Music and Drama, London (1973-1977). He attended Queen's University, Belfast, attaining both an M.A. and a Ph.D. in ethnomusicology.
Uzoigwe’s compositional outputs were not as extensive as Ayo Bankole and Akin Euba, but they were some of the most finest music ever written in twentieth century Nigeria. He composed for chamber and orchestra, but he was more famous for his tuneful solo songs and brilliant virtuosic piano pieces.